Strong & Herd.

Glossary of Trade Terms


A00EU tax code indicating customs duty
AAAssociation Agreement – between the and a non-member country
AAClassified Management Enterprises - AEO equivalent scheme in China
AADAdministration Accompanying Document - used to control the movement of excise goods. Replaced by EMCS
AAEIAmerican Association of Exporters and Importers found 1921
AANZFTAASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement
AANZTAASEAN, Australia and New Zealand Trade Agreement
ABAppellate Body (WTO)
ABDAuthorised by Declaration - replaced SiA for Special Procedures into the EU under UCC
ABIAutomated Broker Interface
ABMAccount Based Management
Accounting PeriodThe period (for deferment purposes) during which transactions are charged to the same period account for settlement
ACEAutomated Commercial Environment
ACFTA (1)ASEAN + China Free Trade Agreement
ACFTA (2)African Continental Free Trade Agreement
ACLAllowable Chain Load
ACP (1)African Caribbean and Pacific group of countries
ACP (2)Accredited Client Programme - a system of authorising compliant and secure importers and exporters similar to AEO in countries such as the UAE and India
ACP (3)Authorised Consignee Premises (under EU NCTS)
ACWL    Advisory Centre on WTO Law
Ad ValoremAccording to value.
ADBAsian Development Bank
ADR (1)Accord Dangeroux Routier - Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road agreement
ADR (2)Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR): Pilot scheme (2012) used independent HMRC facilitators to help customers resolve disputes with HMRC
ADSAerospace, Defence & Security organisation (formed from EGAD)
AECAArms Export Control Act (USA)
AEOAuthorised Economic Operator - see also EOS
AEO (C)Customs Simplification only - approval under AEO scheme
AEO (F)Full approval under AEO scheme - being phased out under UCC
AEO (S)Supply Chain Safety & Security only - approval under AEO scheme
AEO-GTAuthorised Economic Operator scheme - Guatemala
AERAnticipated Export Record (see ECS)
AESAutomated Export System (term used in USA FTR)
AES (2)Approved Exporter Scheme – used to authorise exporters under FTA/PTA so they can make invoice declarations to confirm the goods qualify under the agreement
AFASASEAN Framework Agreement on Services
AfDBAfrican Development Bank
AFFAdditional Freight Fee (Customs duty)
AFRAAir Freight Rates application - it is an online, real-time rate distribution and management application
AFTCAdvanced Freight Targeting Capability (UK Border Force)
AFTDAmerican Foreign Trade Definitions, out of date shipping terms not to be used.
AGAgricultural products (under WTO terms)
AGAustralia Group (export controls)
AGRAgriculture (USA EAR license exception)
AHTNASEAN Harmonised Tariff Nomenclature
AIAdditional Information - an important field on the UK/EU customs entry
AICOASEAN Industrial Cooperation Scheme
AIFTAASEAN + India Free Trade Agreement
Air Express Operatorsee also courier/ integrator
AISAutomated Import System - part of ICS
AJCEPASEAN + Japan Common Effective Preference
AKFTAASEAN + S. Korea Free Trade Agreement
ALAmmunitions List – the German equivalent of our Military List
ALADIAssociação Latino-Americana de Integração (English acronym LAIA) is a Latin American trade integration association based in Montevideo, Uruguay.
ALVAutomatic Licence Verification
Amber BoxWTO Term: Domestic support for agriculture that is considered to distort trade and therefore subject to reduction commitments. Technically calculated as “Aggregate Measurement of Support” (AMS).
AMPSAdministrative Monetary Penalty System - part of Canada's PIP scheme
AMSAggregate Measurement of Support (see Amber Box)
AMSCIAdvanced Manufacturing Supply Chain Initiative
AMUArab Maghreb Union
ANDEANCountry Group - Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru & Venezuela
AOGAircraft on Ground
APAAdvance Pricing Agreement ( Not used in the EU)- an international customs valuation term
APECAsia Pacific  Economic Cooperation
APEOThe APEO scheme is a fish specific extension to the AEO approval. Granted via DEFRA. Launched 2010
APIactive pharmaceutical ingredient
APIAdvanced Passenger Information (see also PNR) 
APOAir Force Post Office
APPAdjusted Peak Performance (USA EAR license exception and computer
Approved ExporterApproval to make invoice declarations in the place of issuing EUR1 forms
APRAdditional Permissive Re-exports (USA EAR license exception)
APTAAsia-Pacific Trade Agreement, previously named Bangkok Agreement
AQISAustralian Quarantine and Inspection Service
ARFASEAN Regional Forum
Article 22 (10)Dual-Use clause under which certain DUEC goods can move within the EU without requiring an export licence.  From EU Regulation 483/2009
Arusha DeclarationWTO Declaration on Customs Integrity
ASEANAssociation of South East Asian Nations (10 members) Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Myanmar
ASICAviation Security Identification Card
ASPACAsia Pacific Region
ASYCUDAAutomated System for Customs Data
ATAnti-Terrorism (Wassenaar Arrangement reason for control)
ATAFAfrican Tax Administration Forum
ATFAlcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (USA)
ATIGAASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement
ATPAutonomous Trade Preferences
ATPAAndean Trade Preferences Act
ATPCOAirline Tariff Publishing Company
ATRPreference Movement Certificate (Turkey - EU Associate Trade Agreement)
ATSAutomated Targeting Systems (Customs)
ATTArms Trade Treaty
ATTUnited Nations Arms Trade Treaty
AUAfrican Union
AVEAd Valorem Equivalent
AVSEAR exception for shipments of aircraft and vessels (USA)
AWBAir waybill (air freight).
AWTAdvance Witholding Tax
B00EU tax code indicating VAT
B2BBusiness to Business Sales
B2CBusiness to Consumer Sales
B/DBanker's Draft (payment term).
B/EBill of Exchange (payment term).
B/LBill of Lading (sea freight).
BAGBaggage (USA EAR license exception)
BatchIn the context of EDIFACT messages a batch is a number of messages sent in sequence in the same transmission
BCCBritish Chambers of Commerce
BDCBeneficiary Developing Countries - under GSP
BDVBrussels Definition of Value
BEIS    UK Department for Enterprise Innovation and Skills formed July 2016.  Took on some functions from the BIS
BERRDepartment for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (formerly the DTI, replaced by BIS and currently called DIT)
BERTIBinding European Retrieval of Tariff Information - the UK national BTI system
BFBorder Force (UK)
BIABritish Importers Association - closed 1999
BIFABritish International Freight Association
Binding TariffCommitment not to increase a rate of duty beyond an agreed level. Once a rate of duty is bound, it may not be raised without compensating the affected parties.
BIPBond Insurance Policy - a UK Export Finance service
BIS (1)UK Department for Business Innovations & Skills (replaced BERR from June 2009) replaced by DIT in July 2017
BIS (2)USA Bureau of Industry and Security
BITBilateral investment treaty
BLABilateral labour agreement
Blue BoxWTO Term: Amber Box types of support, but with constraints on production or other conditions designed to reduce the distortion. Currently not limited.
Blue LineAEO equivalent customs compliance scheme in Brazil
BoDBill of Discharge
BoE (1)Bank of England
BoE (2)Bill of Exchange (also see B/E)
BOIBinding Origin Information Ruling - a system of obtaining a ruling on the origin of goods, often required when preference is being claimed
BOMBill of Materials
Bonded GoodsGoods stored under the charge of customs, sealed until import duties are paid or goods taken out of the country.
Bonded WarehouseWarehouse where bonded goods are stored.
BOPBalance of Payments
Break BulkThe dismantling of a large consignment into smaller lots for onward distribution to more than one customer.
BrexitConjoined word created to mean Britains Exit from the European Union
BRICsInternational trade term coined in 2001 to describe the rise of key markets: Brazil, Russia, India and China
BRIICSOECD abbreviation adding Indonesia and South Africa to the normal BRIC acronym
BSIBritish Standards Institute
BTABilateral Trade Agreement
BTABorder Tax Adjustment
BTIBinding Tariff Information Ruling - a system of obtaining a definitive commodity code from customs for goods being imported
BTIABilateral Trade and Investment Agreement
BTNBrussels Tariff Nomenclature (1959)
BUBusiness Unit
Bulk CargoLoose cargo, not unitised, not loaded in containers or on pallets
BVIBinding Value Information Ruling (Not used in EU)
BXABureau of Export Administration (USA)
C79Monthly VAT statement issued by HMRC to show VAT paid on imports which can be reclaimed by the company under normal VAT procedures
C88 FormThe document reference number given in the UK to the SAD Form
C to BCustoms to Business (information chain)
C to CCustoms to Customs (information chain)
C to GCustoms to Government (information chain)
C&FCost & Freight – very old abbreviation for the Incoterms ® rule CFR
C-TPATCustoms + Trade Partnership Against Terrorism - an accreditation program for USA importers. To be extended to exporting companies so it can be used alongside the AEO scheme
C.EUCivil Aircraft End-Use procedure
CAACivil Aviation Authority.
CabotageIn maritime transport, sea shipping between ports of the same country, usually along coasts.
CACBBrazil Confederation of Trade and Business
CACMCentral American Common Market - comprised of Costa Rica, Panama, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua
CACOCentral Asian Cooperation Organisation
CACRCuban Assets Control Regulations (USA)
CADCash Against Documents (payment term).
CAISCentral American Integration System
CANAndean Community
CANCustoms Alert Network (Customs modernisation tool)
CAOCargo Aircraft Only
CAOComputer Audit Officers
CAPCounterfeiting and Piracy Group (WCO)
CAP (1)Common Agricultural Policy
CAP (2)Compliance/ Corrective Action Plan
CARICOMCaribbean Community
CARIFORUMCaribbean Forum of African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) States
CarnetBooklet issued by ICC to make customs clearance on temporary movements easier.
CarrierThe provider of the main means of transport in a shipment, e.g. airline, vessel operator, trucker.
CASChemical Abstracts Service
CATConventional Arms Transfer Policy
CBChemical Biological (USA EAR reason for control)
CBDCash Before Delivery (payment term).
CBDConvention on Biological Diversity
CBPCustoms and Border Protection Agency - USA Customs Authority
CBRCarrier Baggage Voucher - similar to the MUCR but relates to shipments declared by small parcel express operators
CBSACanada Border Services Agency
CBTPAUnited States-Caribbean Basin Trade Partnership Act
CC (1)Commodity code - an abbreviation used within the EU
CC (2)Centralised Clearance - the future! Under this the trader or forwarder in the EU will decide which member state to make Customs declarations in regardless of the physical location of the goods
CC (3)Change in Chapter (Preference origin qualifying rules)
CC (4)Crime Control concerns (see CCC (4))
CC CommitteeCustoms Code Committee
CC(5)Consolidated Code – the consolidation of the EU Customs Code in 2012 prior to the modernisations of the legislation in 2013 (in force 2016)
CCAMLRConvention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources
CCATCommerce Classification Automated Tracking System (USA)
CCC (1)Customs Cooperation Council
CCC (2)Customs Code Committee
CCC (3)China Compulsory Certification
CCC (4)Commerce Country Chart (USA)
CCCNCustoms Cooperation Council Nomenclature
CCFCustoms Clearance Fee
CCGCustoms Comprehensive Guarantee
CCIPCustoms Code Implementing Provisions
CCIQChinaCustoms Inspection and Quarantine
CCLCommerce Control List – USA EAR regulations
CCMAAAgreement on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters between EU and Japan (signed 30 Jan 2008)
CCNCommon Communications Networks - part of ECS
CCOICChina Chamber of International Commerce
CCP    cargo clearance permit
CCPCustoms Civil Penalties
CCRCustoms Clearance Requests
CCS-UKCargo Community System-UK. The name given to the computerised cargo processing system operating in the UK major airports.
CCTCentral Community Transit - see CT below
CCTOCentral Community Transit Office
CCVCommittee on Customs Valuation (WCO)
CCVOCombined Certificate of Value and Origin
CDCouncil Directive
CDMCustoms Data Model
CDSCustoms Declaration System - replacement system for CHIEF in UK
CE MarkConformité Européenne (European Conformity) - compliance procedure and mark
CEC (1)Council for Economic Cooperation (NAFTA)
CEC (2)Commission of the European Communities
CECAComprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement
CEECenter of Excellence & Expertise (USA CBP)
CEFTACanada-Europe Free Trade Association Agreement
CEMA79Customs & Excise Management Act 1979 - current UK law, under review
CEMACEconomic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
CENCustoms Enforcement Network (Customs modernisation tool)
CENcommCustoms Enforcement Network communication tool (Customs modernisation tool)
CENMaTCustoms Enforcement Management Team
CEPACloser Economic Partnership Agreement (China)
CEPTCommon effective preference tariff
CertifiedDocument such as a CofO stamped by a Chamber of Commerce (also see legalised)
CESSA customs duty levied on certain goods only, similar to excise
CETCommon External Tariff
CETAComprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement between EU and Canada
CFR (1)Cost and Freight (an Incoterms ® 2000 and 2010 rule).
CFR (2)Code of Federal Regulations (USA)
CFSContainer Freight Station
CFSP (1)Customs Freight Simplified Procedure - simplified import entry procedure used in the UK
CFSP (2)Common Foreign Security Policy – EC supply chain security scheme
CFWEU Competency Framework for AEO
CGCCustoms Golden Client scheme - the security accreditiation system in Malaysia
CGEACommunity General Export Authorisation - an EU version of an open licence now superceded by UGEAs (see below)
Chargeable WeightThe actual gross weight or volume weight of a shipment, whichever is higher (except in cases where a lower charge for a higher minimum weight applies)
CHIEFCustoms Handling of Import/Export Freight.
CHIEF Classic    Name given to the current Customs Computer operating in the UK while it is undergoing replacement – Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight
CIATInter-American Center of Tax Administrations
CIECustoms Input Entry - a way of submitting customs declarations into CHIEF
CIF (1)Cost, Insurance & Freight (an Incoterms ® 2000/ 2010 rule).
cif (2)jargon - cost, insurance, freight
CIMConditions of international carriage of goods by rail.
CINCustomer Information Note (issued by UK DEFRA)
CIP (1)Carriage, Insurance paid to (an Incoterms ® 2000 / 2010 rule).
CIP (2)Customs Information Papers
CIQChinaInspection and Quarantine Services
CIS (1)Commonwealth of Independent States (comprising former Soviet Union countries - 12 members)
CIS (2)Carnet Indemnity Scheme
CISADAComprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010 (USA)
CITEXCustoms, International Trade & Excise (UK Customs)
CIVCivilian (USA EAR license enception)
CIVETSInternational trade term describing major developing markets; Colombia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Egypt, Turkey and South Africa
CJCouncil Jurisdiction
CJEUCourt of Justice - European Union
Clear/ClearanceThe clearance of an entry is the point at which revenue associated with the declaration has been paid or secured and the entry can no longer be queried or amended on CHIEF. The goods can now be released into the declared Customs procedure or can be removed under a transit arrangement (subject to any commercial considerations)
Clearing AgentThe party appointed to submit entries to customs authorities on behalf of the buyer will handle duty, VAT and other financial accruals on behalf of his client.
CMAACustoms Co-operative and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters Agreement - 1997 Agreement between USA and EU.
CMRConditions of international carriage of goods by road.
CN (1)European Community combined nomenclature (based on Harmonised System adopted by EC).
CN (2)Cryptography Note - explanatory note for Category 5 Part 2 of dual-use list
CNENCombined Nomenclature Explanatory Notes
CNLCompetitive Need Limitation - under GSP
COCOMCo-ordinating Committee of Multilateral Export Controls (replaced by Wassenaar Arrangement)
Codex AlimentaruisFAO/WHO commission that deals with international standards on food safety.
COFContribution to funding of social security (Customs duty)
CofOCertificate of Origin
COM/ICommercial Invoice.
COMESACommon Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
Commodity CodeCode used to identify goods under a tariff number
Commodity RatesThe rate applies to the shipment of a specific product between specified ports. It is lower than the general cargo rate.
ConsigneeImporter (Buyer) - destination address.
ConsignorExporter (Seller) - party who instigates the export.
Consol (Consolidation)Bulking together of several shipments to same destination to reduce cost.
Controlled GoodsGoods which are subject to control under the Export of Goods (Control) Order 2008.
Controlled TechnologyTechnology relating to the design, development production and use of controlled goods, therefore subject to restrictions at export
COOLCountry of Origin Labelling
CoRAPCommunity Rolling Action Plan
COTConsumption Tax 
COTIFConvention Concerning International Carriage by Rail (Convention relative aux transports internationaux ferroviaires)
CountertradeA generic term to identify a reciprocal form of export contract involving barter and other methods of trading
Country of DepartureThe country from which a means of transport departs.
Country of DestinationThe country to which goods are transported as final country for delivery.
Country of OriginCountry in which the goods have been produced or manufactured.
Courier Companysee also integrator/ air express operator
CPContracting Party (to a WTO/WCO instrument or tool)
CPCCustoms Procedure Code.
CPD CarnetCarnet de Passage en Douane
CPEICustoms Procedures with Economic Impact - a whole range of special procedures giving traders faster clearance of goods, removing duty/VAT liabilities, or extending the period of time duty needs to be paid, eg IPR, OPR, Warehousing, End-Use
CPLEuropean Regulation on Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures
CPMCost plus, Method - an international customs valuation term
CPTCarriage Paid to (an Incoterms ® 2000 and 2010 rule).
CRCustoms Regulation
CRICargo Report Information
CRM (1)Common Risk Management framework: EU scheme being adopted in all members states setting a standard system of risk management checks on freight. Will be essential when Centralised Clearance comes in. Also see RMF
CRM (2)Customer Relationship Manager (HMRC officer responsible for your business activities)
CROWTO Committee on Rules of Origin
CRPCHIEF Replacement Programme
CRRCommon Risk Rules (part of EU Security System)
CRTACommittee on Regional Trade Agreements
CRTACommittee on Regional Trade Agreements
CSCentral Site (for administrating AEO application in the UK)
CSACustoms Self Assessment Programme - part of Canada PIP security accreditation scheme
CSCMCorporate Supply Chain Management
CSDPCommon Security & Defence Policy (EU)
CSDRCommunity System of Duty Reliefs
CSE   Customs Supervised Exports (replaces LCP under UCC)
CSI (1)Container Security Initiative
CSI (2)Common Service Interface (part of ECS)
CSPCommunity System Providers
CSRCorporate Social Responsibility
CTCommunity Transit - see also NCTS
CTCChange in Tariff Classification - qualifying criteria type under preference agreements
CTDCommittee on Trade and Development
CTDWTO Committee on Trade and Development.
CTDSS“ Special Sessions”, ie, negotiations meetings, of the WTO Committee on Trade and Development.
CTEThe WTO Committee on Trade and Environment.
CTESS“ Special Sessions”, ie, negotiations meetings, of the WTO Committee on Trade and Environment.
CTGCouncil for Trade in Goods — oversees WTO agreements on goods, including the ATC.
CTHChange in Tariff Heading (Preference origin qualifying rules)
CTNCargo Tracking Note
CTPComposite Theoretical Performance (USA EAR license exception and processor control parameter).
CTSCargo Tracking System
CTSCompliant Trader Schemes - AEO equivalent customs compliance scheme in Rwanda and Tanzania
CTSConsolidated Tariff Schedules Database
CTSWorld Trade Organization’s (WTO) Consolidated Tariff Schedules
CTSHChange to Tariff Sub Heading (Preference origin qualifying rules)
CUGCustoms Union Group
CUPComparable Uncontrolled Price - an international customs valuation term
CUSDECCustoms Declaration
CUSRESCustomes Response (from an import or export declaration)
CustomsAuthority that polices and controls international trade statements, declarations and undertake safety and security checks
Customs 2013The EU scheme to rewrite all customs regulations for 2013 - delayed
Customs RegimesCustoms procedures available to traders and forwarders to simplify the movement of goods, declarations or to permit the suspension or waiver of customs duties, eg IPR, etc - see also CPEI
Customs WarehousingA special regime that allows traders and forwarders to hold/ store goods without the need to complete full declarations at the time of arrival.
CVCustoms Value
CVAWTO Customs Value Agreement – also abbreviation ACV
CWCustoms Warehouse
CWCChemical Weapons Convention
CWCCountry Whence Consigned
CWOCash with order (payment term).
D-TradeDept of State electronic export licensing system (USA)
DADelegated Acts (of the EU UCC).  DA are mandated under the Customs Code (see also IA)
DAFDelivered at Frontier (Incoterms ® Rule under the 2000 set but not in the 2010 terms)
DANDeferment Account Number
DAPDelivered At Place - new term in Incoterms 2010 ® Rules
DATDelivered At Terminal - new term in Incoterms 2010 ® Rules
DCFTADeep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area between Georgia and Moldova (Dec 2011)
DCSDestination Control Statement (USA EAR)
DDADoha Development Agenda (WTO)
DDPDelivered Duties Paid - an Incoterms ® Rule
DDS (1)Data Dissemination System
DDS (2)Duty Deferment Scheme
DDTCDirectorate of Defense Trade Controls (USA ITAR)
DDUDelivered Duties Unpaid (Incoterms ® Rule under the 2000 set but not in the 2010 terms)
DECCDepartment of Energy & Climate Change (UK)
DefermentCredit account opened with HMRC so import duty and VAT is paid once a month not prior to the goods being released. Requires a bank guarantee to cover 2 months worth of duty/VAT spend. Also see SIVA
DEPDesignated Export Point - a place (not a port or airport) authorised by HMRC for the export clearance of freight
DEQDelivered ex Quay (Incoterms ® Rule under the 2000 set but not in the 2010 terms)
DESDelivered ex Ship (Incoterms ® Rule under the 2000 set but not in the 2010 terms)
DESAUnited Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs
DESODefence Export Services Organisation (replaced by DSO)
DESPDirectorate of Export Services Policy
DeXEUUK Department for Exiting the EU - formed July 2016
DFARDefense (DoD) Federal Acquisition Regulations
DfIDDepartment for International Development
DGDirectorate General - EU Commission
DGFTDirector General of Foreign Trade, Ministry of Commerce (Government of India)
DGNDangerous Goods Note
Direct ExportGoods exiting the UK for direct transport to a non-EU country, ie not travelling through any other member state (see also Indirect Export)
DistortianTrade Term: When prices and production are higher or lower than levels that would usually exist in a competitive market.
DIT    Department for International Trade (replaced BIS in UK July 2016)
DM (1)Data Model (WCO Tool)
DM (2)Developed Markets
DMSDuty Management System
DNLDo Not Load - possible instruction under ECS or ICS security systems
DoCDepartment of Commerce (USA)
DoDDepartment of Defense (USA)
DOJDepartment of Justice (USA)
DOSDepartment of State (USA)
DOTDepartment of Transport (USA)
DPLDenied Parties List (USA - EAR)
DPODocumentary Proof of Origin
DR (1)Direct Representation - the declarant (forwarder) acts as an agent on behalf of the importer/ exporter and therefore does not have any legal responsibility if errors are made. Unless an agent has written proof they are contracted as "DR" they will assumed to be acting under Indirect Representation (IR) by HMRC
DR (2)Document Reference - an abbreviation used on customs entries before the title of a document used to support the presentation to customs, eg import licence
DSABDigital Services at the Border (UK term)
DSASDefence Security and Assurance Services (UK MoD)
DSBDispute Settlement Body (part of WTO)
DSODefence and Security Organisation (part of UKTI)
DSP5Dept of State Proforma for Permanent export – unclassified hardware and or tech data
DSP61Dept of State Proforma Temporary import – unclassified hardware being returned
DSP73Dept of State Proforma Temporary export – unclassified hardware
DSP83Dept of State Re-transfer and Use assurance (not a licence)
DSP84Dept of State Proforma Permanent export and temporary export/import – classified hardware/tech data
DSP119Amendment form for a DSP (not licence)
DSP (1)Department of State Proforma - ITAR document/permit
DSP (2)Dispute Settlement Panel (part of WTO)
DSSDiplomatic Security Service
DSU Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU)
DTADouble Taxation Agreements
DTAGDefence Trade Advisory Group (USA)
DTCDefense Trade Control (USA)
DTCTUS-UK Defence Trade Co-operation Treaty
DTI (1)Department of Trade & Industry - currently named DIT (other names BERR and BIS)
DTI (2)Direct Trader Input
DTI SystemA trade computer system that supports a network of trade users and provides access to CHIEF IES. Inventory Systems are usually associated with a DTI System
DTrade 2Effective April 2009 upgrade in the USA Dept of State electronic export licensing system
DTSADefense Technology Security Agency (ITAR/EAR)
DTTDouble Taxation Treaty
Dual-Use GoodsGoods not specifically designed, modified or adapted for military use but of a high technological level as listed in the Strategic Control List as defined by the Wassenaar Agreement. Meaning they require an export licence to leave the UK/EU
DUCRDeclarant's Unique Consignment Reference
DUECDual-Use European Community - EU list of Wassenaar Arrangement controlled goods
DutyLevy imposed on the landed value of goods imported. Controlled by the Customs Authorities the percentage is based on the commodity code applicable to the goods.
DVCDelivery Verification Certificate
DWPDepartment of Work and Pensions
E2Page 2 of an import entry in the UK - shows duty/VAT paid and valuation details
E3+3Countries involved in the Iran JCPOA - France, Germany, UK and China, Russia, USA
e-AADElectronic version of the Administrative Accompanying Document required for excise movements see EMCS
E-BPGExport Best Practice Guide
e-BTIElectronic version of BTI - UK HMRC
e-RPAElectronic Version of the RPA
EAAExport Administration Act (EAR)
EACEast African Community
EADExport Accompanying Document for indirect exports to meet Security & Safety Regulations in the EU
EAECEurasian Economic Community - the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan
EANEuropean Article Number
EAPEast Asia and Pacific
EARExport Administration Regulations - USA equivalent to DUEC
EAR99A category of goods under the USA Dual-use control list which are not normally subject to export licensing regulations but are controlled when being shipped to denied parties/destinations. Not to be confused with NLR
eATAProject to develop an electronic ATA Carnet
EAUThe Eurasian Union - economic and political union of Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Russian Federation, Tajikstan and other post-Soviet states
EBAEverything But Arms (EU)
EBSEnglish Business Survey
EBTIEuropean Binding Tariff Information
EC (1)European Community - term used to identify the group of countries for trade purposes
EC (2)European Commission
ECAEconomic Committee for Africa
ECCASEconomic Community of Central African States
ECCNExport Control Classification Number - category of goods caught on the USA EAR dual-use list
ECEGElectronic Crime Expert Group
ECGDExport Credits Guarantee Department
ECHAEuropean Chemicals Agency
ECICSEuropean Customs Inventory of Chemical Substance
ECJEuropean Court of Justice
ECJU    Export Control Joint Unit -part of DIT it comprises ECO, FCO, MOD
ECN+Explicit Congestion Notification (part of ECS)
eCOonline electronic Certificate of Origin
ECO (1)Export Control Organisation - part of DIT
ECO (2)Economic Code - used in customs regimes to establish a company's right not to pay or suspend import customs duties
ECO (3)Export Compliance Officer (usually used in USA)
ECOWASEconomic Community of Western African States
ECPEconomic Competitiveness Package (WCO)
ECRExport Control Reform (USA ITAR/EAR)
ECSExport Control System (nothing to do with export licences) - this is the EU safety and security control systems requiring pre-departure messages for all goods leaving the MS of the EU
ECS1Fiscal control part of the ECS, replacing the manual SAD Copy 3 for indirect exports - happened 1st July 2009
ECS2Introduces the Pre-Departure Safety and Security Measures
ECTIBEuropean Defence Technological and Industrial Base
ECTNElectronic Cargo Tracking Note
ECUEuropean Currency Unit
EDBEconomic Development Board
EDIElectronic Data Interchange
EEAEuropean Economic Area - a group of countries using the same fiscal regulations, comprised of the EU member states plus Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein
EEC    Eurasian Economic Commission began work 1-1-2012
EEIElectronic Export Information (USA FTR)
EEPExport Enhancement Programme — programme of US export subsidies given generally to compete with subsidized agricultural exports from the EU on certain export markets.
EEU Eurasian Economic Union  – due 2015
EFAExport Finance Advisors - part of UKEF
EFTAEuropean Free Trade Association: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland
EGADUK organisation Exporters Group Aerospace & Defence (see ADS)
EGSEnvironmental Goods and Services
EHCExport Health Certificates
EIEncryption Item (reason for export control)
EIA (1)Economic Integration Agreement
EIA (2)Environmental Impact Assessment
EIDREntry Into Declarants Records - new procedures under UCC
ELAExport Licence Applications
EMEmerging Markets
EMCSExcise Movement Control System
EMSExport Management System (USA EAR)
EMUEconomic and Monetary Union
ENCEncryption (USA EAR license exception)
Enhanced CHIEF Name given to the programme for updating the UK Customs Computer by 2017– Customs Handling of Import and Export Freight
ENOEntry Number - the formal customs declaration reference
ENPEuropean Neighbourhood Policy
ENSEntry Summary Declaration (ICS) - see also ESD
EnUEnd-Use procedures in the EU
EO (1)Economic Operator (see also EORI and AEO)
EO (2)Executive Order (USA government)
EODExport on Demand System
EOIEvidence of identity
EoRExporter of Record
EORIEconomic Operator Registration Identification number - used in the EU (also see AEO). In the UK it evolved from the VAT and TURN - see also EOS
EOSEconomic Operator Systems = AEO and EORI
EPEuropean Parliament
EPAEconomic Partnership Agreements - are a scheme to create a Free Trade Area (FTA) between the EU and the ACP countries
EPCIEnhanced Proliferation Control Initiative (EAR proliferation rules)
EPDEnergy Products Directive
EPSSExcise Payment Security System
EPUEntry Processing Unit - the point where goods are declared to Customs or where specific activities take place
EPZExport Processing Zone
ERTSEnhanced Remote Transit Shed - specially authorised warehouses approved to hold freight prior to customs clearance. Tends to be freight forwarders' premises
ESCAPEconomic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific 
ESCAPUnited Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
ESCIEuropean Supply Chain Institute
ESDExit Summary Declaration - the export declaration under ECS (see also ENS)
ESLExport Sales List - used in conjunction with the Intrastat report. It states the EU VAT registration numbers of companies supplied goods from the UK. Issued monthly
ESMEmergency Safeguard Mechanism
ESTEnvironmentally-sound technology.
EST&PEnvironmentally-sound technology and products.
ETAEstimated Time of Arrival
ETIDEurope, Trade and International Directorate
ETS (1)Estimated Time of Shipment
ETS (2)Electronic Transit System - new name (2016) for the NCTS
ETSFExternal Temporary Storage Facility
ETSF (AD)Approved Depository - External Temporary Storage Facility
ETSF (SP)Approved CFSP Temporary Storage Facilities - External Temporary Storage Facility
ETSIEuropean Telecommunications Standards Institute
EU (1)European Union - legal name of the EC
EU (2)Abbreviation used by Customs to express any End-Use duty relief procedure
EUGA    Alternative abbreviation for the UEGA – European Union General (Export) Authorisations for dual-use 3 rd  country exports
EUMOFAEuropean Market Observatory for Fishery and Aquaculture Products
EUR1 FormEuropean Preference/Movement Certificate used between EU countries and countries with whom the EU has bilateral trade agreements. Confirms goods qualify under the origin rules of the agreement(s)
EUR-MEDSimilar to the EUR1 Form the EUR-MED is used when goods can only meet the rules of preference origin by taking into consideration material from Mediterranean countries not in the EU
EurAsECEurasian Economic Community - Customs Union currently with Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan (also known as EAEC)
EUSEnd User Statement
EUUEnd User Undertaking - declaration made by customer to confirm the end-use of goods subject to export controls. Need to obtain or confirm correct use of export licences.
EWPEx-works Price – abbreviation used in FTA/PTAs
EX1Not an official term but was used to indicate the NES Export Declaration needed when goods cross EU MS by road prior to being exported into a non-EU country (indirect export). Replaced by the EAD
Excise DutyA national tax levied on "luxury" goods - in the EU goods subject to excise taxes are hydrocarbon oils, alcohol and tobacco. As this is a domestic tax goods in these categories moving around the EU come under customs control (see EMCS)
Export LicenceA specific approval granted by the authorities (UK = ECO) approving goods caught on a control list (eg dual-use or military list) to be exported out of the UK.
EXPYAverage product/ income of a country's export basket (see PRODY below)
EXSExit Summary Declaration under ECS - see also ESD
Extra-territorialityAdditional controls by the origin authorities on strategic goods and technology after it has left the origin country or manufactured overseas.  Current in USA but also Australia, Japan and UK on some items.
EXWEXW - an Incoterms ® Rule more appropriate for domestic trade than international transactions
exworksjargon: means the price of goods only includes the cost of goods, packing and profit
F680Form 680 - DSO application to release information on military goods to promote the sale of, or release information related to their products to overseas markets. Sometimes a requirement to use an OGEL
FAKFreight all Kinds
FARSFederal Acquisition Regulations (USA)
FAS        Flexible Accounting System
FASFree Alongside Ship - an Incoterms ® Rule
FASTFree and Secure Trade - part of the PIP and CSA security accredition programme in Canada
FATFFinancial Action Task Force - an inter-governmental body, has recentlyreiterated its calls for countries to apply effective counter-measures to protect their financial sectors from money laundering and financing of terrorism risks emanating from Iran
FCAFree Carrier - an Incoterms ® Rule
FCGFree Circulation Goods (EU Term) also see UG
FCLFull Container Load (single supplier) - see also FCX
FCOForeign and Commonwealth Office
FCPAForeign Corrupt Practices Act (USA)
FCPAUS Foreign Corrupt Practices Act
FCXFull Container Load (multiple Suppliers) - see also FCL
FDIForeign Direct Investment
FECFront End Credibility checkes - mechanism on CHIEF whereby apparently "odd" data is identified in response to the submission of a declaration, eg commodity code doesn't exist.
FEDATFreight Engagement and Data Acquisition Team (part of UK Border Force DSAB)
FEZFree Economic Zone
FFSFrontier Freight Solution - UK HMRC project for replacing CHIEF when it ceases operation (sometime between 2015-2030)
FHDDSFulfilment House Due Diligence Scheme
FIAFreedom of Information Act (UK)
FLEGTForest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trace
FMSForeign Military Sales
FMV (1)Fair Market Value
FMV (2)Fair Manufacturing Value
FOBFree on Board - an Incoterms ® Rule (not appropriate for containerised freight under the 2010 set)
FOCFree of Charge (Payment Term)
FOIFreedom of Information Act
FoIAFreedom of Information Act 2000 (UK)
Form AGSP Preference Certificate
Form BA Certificate of Origin issued in GSP beneficiary countries when the goods do not qualify for preference
ForwarderThe party contracted primarily to prepare export documentation and act as interface between shipper and carrier
Foul Bill of LadingA receipt for goods issued by a carrier with an indication that the goods were damaged when received. Compare Clean Bill of Lading.
FPFree Port
FPMFEDAT Partnership Managers
FPO (1)Fast Parcel Operator
FPO (2)Fleet Post Office
FPPIForeign Principal Party in Interest (FTR) - USA Term
Free CirculationGoods which can freely move around the EU without requiring customs paperwork. Goods are in free circulation if they are either wholly manufactured in the EU or imported (in all or part) and all relevant import duties have been paid
Freight collectIndication from the shipper as to who pays main freight costs - collected at destination
Freight forwardIndication from the shipper as to who pays main freight costs - sent forward to consignee's account
Freight prepaidIndication from the shipper as to who pays main freight costs - costs paid by shipper
FRNFederal Register Notice 
FROBFreight Remaining on Board (part of ECS terminology)
FrontierAny place where the goods are still to be notified formally to Customs by placing them under a nominated Customs procedure
FSCFacility Security Code
FSDFinal Supplementary Declaration - this completes the entry of any goods originally declared to Customs under CFSP or NES
FTAFree Trade Agreement
FTAAFree Trade Area of the Americas (NAFTA + 34 S. American countries [not Cuba] - not in place still under discussions which have stalled
FTAAPFree Trade Area of the Asia Pacific
FTCFree Trade Commission
FTRForeign Trade Statistics Regulations (USA)
FTSRForeign Trade Statistics Regulations (USA)
FTWZFree Trade & Warehousing Zone
FTZFree Trade Zones
Full DeclarationWhen this term is used Customs are referring to "normal" procedures for declaring goods, ie no simplified procedure is applicable.
FZFree Zone
G7Group of seven leading industrial countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, United Kingdom, United States.
G8G7 plus Russia.
G15Group of 15 developing countries acting as the main political organ for the Non-Aligned Movement.
G77Group of developing countries set up in 1964 at the end of the first UNCTAD (originally 77, but now more than 130 countries).
G.B.OGoods in Bad Order (Bill of Lading statement)
GAFTAGreater Arab Free Trade Agreement (also known as PAFTA)
GATSGeneral Agreement on Trade in Services
GATTGeneral Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GBSGroup B Shipments (USA EAR license exception)
GCGeneral Correspondence (USA ITAR)
GCCGulf Co-operative Council
GCHQGovernment Communications Headquarters
GCRGeneral Cargo Rates
GDMGoods Departed Message - electronic message received from CHIEF under NES procedure to show that goods have been exported.
GDPGross Domestic Product
GDPRGeneral Data Protection Regulation
GEAGlobal Express Association
GEOGovernment Equalities Office (UK)
GEPGlobal Entrepreneur Programme
GESGlobal Express Association (association of FPO, eg DHL, UPS, TNT, Fedex)
GFIGlobal Financial Integrity
GFTEAR exception for shipments of gift parcels and humanitarian donations
GHAGround Handling Agent
GHSUnited Nations Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
GIGeographical Indicators
GIISGlobal Information and Intelligence Project Group
GIRGeneral Interpretive Rules for Classifying Goods under the Harmonised System (called GRI in USA)
GMPGood Manufacturing Practice
GNCGlobally Network Customs (WCO Concept)
Golden CardAEO equivalent customs compliance scheme in Thailand
Golden ListAEO equivalent scheme in Jordan
GOST CertificateConformity certificate raised for goods shipped to Russia under their pre-shipment inspection rules
GOVGovernment (USA EAR license exception)
GPAGovernment Procurement Agreement (WTO)
GPAGovernment Procurement Agreement: a “plurilateral” agreement (ie, signed by only some WTO members) covering the procurement of goods, services and capital infrastructure by governments and other public authorities.
GPL (1)Global Project Licence (export controls)
GPL (2)Government Procurement Law
Green BoxWTO Term: Domestic support for agriculture that is allowed without limits because it does not distort trade, or at most causes minimal distortion
GRIGeneral Rules for Interpretation used when Classifying Goods under the Harmonised System (called GIR in UK)
GRN (1)Goods Received Note
GRN (2)Transit Guarantee Number - used in EU for NCTS movements
Gross WeightTotal weight of goods and packing
GroupageSmall consignments bulked together and consigned by a forwarder or carrier as one shipment to reduce the cost of freight. This term tends to apply to sea freight and road haulage
GSPGeneralised System of Preferences - see also Form A and Form B
GSP Form AThe certificate declaring both the origin of goods and that they conform to the preference rules
GSP Form BA certificate issues from a GSP country which only confirm origin but states that the goods do not qualify for preference
GSP Form DCombined Declaration of Origin and Preference for goods moving within ASEAN to establish GSP qualifying status
GSTGeneral Sales Tax - a tax collected in other countries domestically and on imports; similar to VAT
GSTPGlobal System of Trade Preferences for Developing Countries
GTGAGovernment to Government Assurance
GTMGlobal Trade Management
GTSPGlobal Tax Simplification Program
GUGeneral Undertaking - generally known as an End-User Undertaking (EUU) - export controls
HAWBHouse Air Waybill
HazMatHazardous Materials - USA government official term for Dangerous Goods
HLSGHigh Level Strategic Group (WCO)
HMFHarbour Maintenance Fee
HMRCHer Majesty's Revenue & Customs (formerly HMCE)
hOdsWTO Term: Heads of delegations (usually ambassadors or ministers).
Home UseGoods being imported for use/ sale in the UK or the EU
HPCHigh Performance Computer (dual-use controls)
HS CodeHarmonised System Code (tariff number)
HSCHarmonised System Committee
HSENHarmonised System Explanatory Notes
HSNOHazardous Substances and New Organisms
HTISCHarmonised Tariff Item Statistical Code - Australia
HTSHarmonised Tariff Schedule (USA - FTR)
HubThe central transhipment point in a network, serviced by truck transport and serving spokes
HWPWCO Harmonisation Work Programme
I/LImport Licence - either individual or open general - issued to allow or limit imports of certain specified commodities. Controlled by the ILB of the DIT in the UK
IAImplemented Acts (of the EU UCC).  IA can be debated by the MS under the Customs Code Implementing Provision (see also DA)
IADBInter-American Development Bank
IAEAInternational Atomic Energy Agency
IATAInternational Air Transport Association
IBInterventions Board (for agricultural goods)
IBFDInternational Bureau of Fiscal Documentation
IBRDInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development – also known as the World Bank
IBSATrade Agreement under discussion - India, Brazil and South Africa trilaterial deal
ICAOInternational Civil Airlines Operation
ICCInternational Chamber of Commerce
ICCPRInternational Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
ICDInland Clearance Deport - a place (not a port or airport) authorised by HMRC for the import clearance of freight
ICDInterface Control Document
ICESCRInternational Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
ICNInternational Competition Network
ICOInformation Commissioner’s Office (UK)
ICPImplied Compliance Papers (from USA CBP)
ICPInternal Control Programme - in-company compliance (USA ITAR)
ICS (1)Institute of Chartered Shipbrokers
ICS (2)Import Control System: EU wide supply chain security system came into force January 2011
ICSIDInternational Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes
ICTInformation & Communication Technologies (WCO Guidelines)
ICTIntra-Community Transfer - EU Directive aiming to simplify the terms and conditions of intra-community transfers of defence-realted products within the EU
ICTSDInternational Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
IDBIntegrated Data Base
IDBWorld Trade Organization’s (WTO) Integrated Data Base
IDRImport Duty Rate
IE Individual Examination (ADD Measure)
IE501ICS/ECS code generated by CHIEF stating that "goods are on their way"
IE518ICS/ECS code generated by CHIEF stating that "goods have exited"
IEC CodeImporter/Exporter Code Number issued in India
IEEPAInternational Emergency Economic Powers Act - USA (EAR and OFAC)
IFCInternational Finance Corporation
IFIAInternational Federation of Inspection Agencies
IGOInternational Government Organisation, eg WTO
IICInternational Import Certificate - a form sometimes supplied to support export licence application when the customers/ suppliers are based within the EU. Can replace an EUU
ILBImport Licensing Branch
IMCOInternal Marketing & Consumer Protection Committe (EU)
IMFInternational Monetary Fund
IMOInternational Maritime Organisation
IMP CodeA code applied to cargo that requires special handling - eg live animals (AVI), cargo aircraft only (CAO), foodstuffs (EAT), human remains (HUM), Dry ice (DRY), perishable cargo (PER)
IncotermsA set of internationally recognised shipping/delivery terms published by the ICC. They define where costs and risk passes from buyer to seller in contracts. Current set Incoterms® 2010 rules
Indirect ExportGoods going to a non-EU country but travelling through other members states prior to the final exit from the EU, eg road shipments from UK to Russia. See also direct export
INFTitle given to Information Documents used by customs within the EU when goods being moved are under customs control
INN TableThe International Non-proprietary Names (INN) Table is a reference document published by the WCO Secretariat to facilitate the identification of pharmaceutical substances or active pharmaceutical ingredients against the corresponding Harmonised System (HS) Code.
INTACommittee on International Trade (EU)
Intangible ExportControlled technology or software transmitted overseas by email, fax, telephone conversation
Integratorsee also courier/ air express operator
IntrastatIntra-Community Trade Statistics: monthly reports required to be submitted to HMRC on movements of goods in free circulation to other member states of the EU (see also ESL and SD)
Inventory SystemA (trade) computer system that controls the arrival and departure of consignments at most ports and airports in the UK. See also DTI system
InvoiceDocument issued by the supplier of goods detailing the transaction, description of goods and values involved
IORImporter of Record
IOR-ARCIndian Ocean Rim Association for Regional Cooperation
IPInward Processing - Customs duty relief procedure (see IPR (1))
IPAInstrument for Pre-Accession assistance (EU)
IPCPImport Product Certification Programme
IPMInterface Public Members (Customs modernisation tool)
IPPTAIndonesia-Pakistan Preferential Trade Agreement
IPR (1)Intellectual Property Rights
IPR (2)Inward Processing Relief - also abbreviated as IP. A customs regime procedure which permits the suspension of customs duty and VAT if goods temporarily imported into the EU for a process, eg repair, manufacturing. Goods must be correctly imported and exported into this regime.
IRIndirect Representation - this is when the declarant (eg forwarder) shares liability for all information submitted to customs ("jointly and severely responsible"). Unless an agent has written authorisation to the contrary HMRC will assume they are acting as IR. See also DR
IRCAIIndex of Revealed Comparative Advantage in Innovation
IRGImmediate Release Guidelines (WCO Tool)
IRGCIranian Revolutionary Guard Corp Economic Exclusion Act
IRUInternational RoadTransport Union
ISAIran Sanctions Act (USA)
ISBPInternational Standard Banking Practice - a document instructing banks on the best practice methods of checking documents under letter of credit transactions
ISCMInternational Supply Chain Management - guidelines lay down by the WCO
ISFImport Security Filing - also known as 10+ 2 rule - a system of safety and security declarations operated in the USA; requires pre-notification of freight details 24 hours in advance of a ship destined for the USA being loaded
ISIImport Substitution Industrialisation
ISOInternational Standards Organisation
ISPS CodeInternational Ship and Port Facility Security Code - international mandatory IMP convention
ITIndividual Treatment (ADD Measure)
ITA    Information Technology Agreement -  Ministerial Declaration on Trade in Information Technology
ITA-IIInformation Technology Agreement – 2 nd  revision December 2013
ITA-IIThe amended Information Technology Agreement expected to come out of the Bali Conference of the WTO in December 2013
ITARInternational Traffic In Arms Regulations - USA Military List subject to export, re-export and re-transfer controls
ITASUS Food & Drug Administration (FDA) Import Trade Auxiliary Communication System
ITCInternational Tax Compact
ITCThe International Trade Centre, originally established by the old GATT and is now operated jointly by the WTO and the UN, the latter acting through the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Focal point for technical cooperation on trade promotion of developing countries.
ITC (2)UN International Trade Commission
ITCBInternational Textiles and Clothing Bureau — Geneva-based group of some 20 developing country exporters of textiles and clothing.
ITDAInternational Trade Data System (USA)
ITDLOInternational Trade Development Liasion Officer - a role in UK customs
ITEIntegrated Tariff Environment
ITNInternal Transaction Number (FTR)
ITRAIran Threat Reduction and Human Rights Act of 2012 (USA)
ITRA (EO)Executive Order implementing portions of the ITRA
ITSFInternal Temporary Storage Facility
ITSF (R)Internal Temporary Storage Facility (Remote)
ITSWInternational Trade Single Window - single source of information
IVLIndividual Validated License (USA term under EAR)
JCCCJoint Consultative Customs Committee
JCLJoint Contractual Liability (when securing financial guarantees for customs purposes)
JCPOAJoint Comprehensive Plan of Action (Iran Sanctions)
JETCOJoint Economic and Trade Commission
JVJoint Venture
KORUSThe US-Korea free trade agreement
KPCSKimberley Process Certification Scheme (related to controls on diamonds)
LADIIs a Latin American trade integration association based in Montevideo, Uruguay (aka Associação Latino-Americana de Integração (ALADI) 
LAIALatin American Integration Association
Landed ValueThe amount calculated by adding the value of the goods to amounts for freight and insurance
LCLetter of Credit - a letter from one bank authorising payment to the seller on presentation of compliant documents to the banks (payment term)
LCHLanding Charges
LCPLocal Clearance Procedures - permits importers/exporters/ forwarders to do full customs declarations at their own premises under control of their local customs office.
LDCLess Developed Countries
LELaw Enforcement division of HMRC now undertaking some work formerly done at ports/ airports
LegalisedDocuments, such as a CofO, stamped by the Embassy of the receiving country (also see certified)
LIC99Standard customs code used in the UK to indicate that, though similar goods may require an export or import licence, the ones being presented to customs at this time do not. May be required to justify use of this code
List NA commercial site (ie non-Government) on UK soil that is approved to hold UK government secure information relating to civil nuclear research or power generation, and is administered by the Office for Nuclear Regulation.
List RulesThe rules of origin (preferential and non-preferential) under which a product is deemed to originate in a certain country (market) due to specific criteria linked to the HS Chapter of the goods in question
List XA commercial site (ie non-Government) on UK soil that is approved to hold UK government protectively marked information marked as 'confidential' and above. It is applied to a company's specific site and not a company as a whole. The term has been used since the 1930s and is equivalent to FSC used in other countries.
LLDCLandlocked Developing Countries
LOLicensing Officer (EAR/ITAR/OFAC)
LOPLabour, Overheads and Profit
LTSDLong Term Supplier Declaration
LVBILow Value Bulking Imports
LVCRLow Value Consignment Relief - a UK Customs term
LVS (1)Low Value Shipments (USA EAR license exception)
LVS (2)Low Value Statement used on invoices to replace preference forms, eg EUR1 Forms
M&AMergers and Acquisitions
M-PCAMulti-Party Commercial Agreement - a type of free trade agreement
M.EUMilitary End-Use - a customs regime
MAAMutual Assistance Agreements (Customs to Customs)
MADBThe EU Market Access Database
MAFTAMalaysia- Australia Free Trade Agreement
MaghredCountry Group - Algeria, Morocco & Tunisia
MAIMarket Access Intelligence
MAIMultilateral Agreement on Investment
ManifestList of goods, cargo, destination(s) for one movement of goods by air or sea
MAPMutual Agreement Procedure
MashraqCountry Group - Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon & Syria
MASPMulti-Annual Strategic Plan - the plan used by UK Customs for the introduction of trade simplification procedures recommended by the EU. Already in place CFSP, NES, NCTS
MAWBMaster Air Waybill
MaxWTO Term to indicate Maximum duty charged
Max facMaximum Facilitation - UK preferred option of a future relationship with the EU after Brexit
MCCModernised Customs Code (also see Customs 2013) - the re-writing of the customs rules and regulation in the EU
MCCIPModernised Customs Code Implementation Provisions
MCDMunitions Control Division
MDEMajor Defence Equipment
MEAMultilateral Environmental Agreement
MECRMultilateral Export Control Regimes, they are WA, AG, MTCR and NSG
MENAMiddle East and North Africa
MercosurCustoms Union between Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Venezuela: Mercado Común del Sur (Common Market of South America)
METMarket Economy Treatment (ADD Measure)
METIMinistry of Economic Trade & Industry (Japan)
MFAMultifibre Arrangement (1974-94) under which countries whose markets are disrupted by increased imports of textiles and clothing from another country were able to negotiate quota restrictions.
MFNMost Favoured Nations – customs duty agreements between countries setting the Standard Rate of Customs duty against the tariff
MGMissile Group
MIDManufacturer's Identification Number under the AEO/C-TPAT agreement (MRA)
MIDManufacturers Identification (USA)
MIDManufacturers Identification Details
MIFTManchester International Freight Terminal
Military GoodsGoods or technology specifically designed, modified or reconfigured for military purposes as detailed in the military list controls, eg UK ML
Minimum ChargeThe lowest rate applicable on each type of air cargo service no matter how small the shipment
Minimum WeightThe lowest weight at which a freight rate is applicable (see Weight Breaks)
MINTMexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey – emerging markets ripe for trade development
MIPDsMulti-Annual Indicative Planning Documents (EU)
MISTMexico, Indonesia, South Korea and Turkey: an acronym invented by Goldman Sachs in 2012 to cover the 4 biggest world markets with potential
MITAAEO equivalent customs compliance scheme in Indonesia
MLUK Military List
MLAManufacturing License Agreement (USA - ITAR)
MLATMutual Legal Assistance Treaty
MNCMultinational Company
MNEMultinational Enterprise
MOAMemorandum of Arrangements
MoDMinistry of Defence
MOPMethod of Payment - used on UK customs entries to indicate how duty/VAT will be paid
MOUMemorandum of Understanding - often between Customs and freight company/ trader
MRAMutual Recognition Agreements - under AEO schemes
MRNMovement Reference Number - electronic code (bar-code) used by EU customs to control the movement of goods under a number of systems, eg ECS, EMCS, ICS, NCTS
MSMember State of the EU
MSARMacau Special Administrative Region
MSCMember State Committee
MSDSMaterial Safety Data Sheet
MSICMaritime Security Identification Card
MSSManagement Support System - data of imports/exports supplied by subscription from HMRC
MTMissile Technology (reason for export control)
MTCRMissile Technology Control Regime
MTNMultilateral Trade Negotiation
MUCRMaster Unique Consignment Reference
n-UGNon-Union Goods - new term introduced with the UCC in the EU (also see T1)
NACCSNippon Automated Cargo and Port Consolidated System
NAFTANorth American Free Trade Agreement (USA, Canada and Mexico)
NAMANon-agricultural market access: broadly covers industrial, fisheries and forestry products
NASNational Advice Service - HMRC's helpline 0845 0109000
NAVNon-Ad Valorem Duty
NBNota bene (EAR)
NCANuclear Cooperation Agreement
nCENNational Customs Enforcement Network
NCHNational Clearance Hub - UK Customs central controlling office
NCPNew Customs Partnership - UK second option on the future trade relationship with the EU after Brexit
NCTSNew Computerised Transit Systme - not new but an electronic tracking system used by Customs authorities around the EU plus EFTA to control the movement of "controlled" goods within the EU. Term replaced by ETS - Electronic Transit System in 2016
NCVNo commercial value
NDANon-Disclosure Agreement
Negotiated RateIn the USA an agreed rate between an airline and a shipper which is not otherwise provided in the current air freight rate tariff. These rates became legal when aifreight was deregulated in Nov 1977
NES (1)National Export Systetm - UK electronic system for declaring exports into CHIEF (based on SAD)
NES (2)Not Elsewhere Specified (USA - EAR term)
Nett RateEither the cost per unit of transporting a shipment or the lowest discounted rate a carrier is willing to offer a customer. The term can be used either way
Nett WeightWeight of the goods only
NFACNational Freight Advisory Committee (USA)
NFAUNational Frontier Approvals Unit (UKBF)
NGEANational General Export Authorisation - abbreviation used in the EU to indicate national open licences for the export of controlled goods/technology, eg UK and OGEL. See also UGEA
NGTFNegotiating Group on Trade Facilitation (WTO)
NIDACNational Indigenous Drug & Alcohol Committee
NIRUNational Imports Relief Unit - located in Enniskillen it is UK Customs office looking after duty relief procedures under the simplified authorisation
NLR (1)No Licence Required - UK means goods not high technology (ie dual-use) or specially designed or modified for military purposes.
NLR (2)No Licence Required - USA means that though the goods/technology is controlled no physical export license is required to export, often due to an exception or country of destination not deemed a risk for those particular items.
Non-AGNon-Agricultural products (WTO term)
NoTCNature of Transaction Code - used in Intrastat declarations to declare why goods physically moved to another member state of the EU
Notify PartyAdditional party shown on an air waybill, bill of lading, etc normally to aid customs clearance or payment issues. This party will be contacted on arrival of the goods though they do not have to physically take the goods.
NOVANotification of Vehicle Arrivals (UK HMRC)
NPNuclear Non-proliferation concerns (see USA CCC (4))
NPONon-Preference Origin
NSNational Security (USA EAR reason for control)
NSGNuclear Suppliers Group (EAR)
NTASNational Temporary Admission Section - HMRC office in Salford UK
NTBNon-Tariff Barrier
NTMNon-Tariff Measure 
NTRNormal Trade Relations (see also PNTR)
Nuisance TariffTariff so low that it costs the government more to collect it than the revenue it generates. Sometimes, a tariff that does not have any protective effect — some countries defend this as necessary in order to raise revenues
OBLOcean Bill of Lading
OCACOrganisation of Central Asian Cooperation - composed of Kazahstan, Kyrgyszstan, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan and Russia
OCTOverseas Countries & Territories
ODCOther Duty Charges
ODROnline Dispute Resolution
ODSOzone Depleting Substances
OECDOrganisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
OEEOffice of Export Enforcement (USA BIS)
OEMOriginal Equipment Manufacturer
OFACOffice of Foreign Assets Control (US Government)
OG(I)LOpen General Import Licence - UK/EU licence which approves the import of all goods except those named in the appendices of the OGIL. Current version Issued May 2009
OGDOther Government Department(s)
OGELOpen General Export Licence - a system of general approvals issued by the UK ECJU which permits the export of controlled goods named in the OGEL to named destinations without the requirement of an individual export licence. Companies must register for first time use of any OGEL via SPIRE
OGTCLOpen General Trade Control Licence
OIELOpen Individual Export Licence
OIILOffice of Intelligence and Investigative Liaison (USA CBP)
OITOffice of Information & Technology (USA CBP)
OITCLOpen Individual Trade Control Licence
OJOfficial Journal
OLAFEuropean Anti- Fraud Office (its French name: Office de Lutte Anti-Fraude)
OMAOrderly Marketing Arrangement
OMDOrganisation Mondiale des Douanes – French name for the WCO
OMROutermost Regions of the EU
OMSOther Member State (of the EU)
OoFEOffice of First Entry - related to ICS
OoSEOffice of Subsequent Entry - related to ICS
OPCWOrganisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
OPECOrganisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPREU Customs Procedure allowing goods to be exported outside the EU on a temporary basis for a process, eg repair, further manufacture, and then be returned to the EU without the requirement to pay customs duties on the value of the original export product
OSBPOne-Stop Border Post
OSCEOrganisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe
OSROnward Supply Relief (VAT can be passed to another Member State at import)
OTOffice of International Trade (USA CBP)
OTDOffice of Training and Development (USA CBP)
OTDSoverall trade-distorting domestic support, eg Blue Box or Amber Box support
OTSOverseas Trade Statistics
P2PPermission to Proceed - Customs response instruction related to ECS and ICS
P/NPromissory Note (payment term)
PACEAEO equivalent customs compliance scheme in El Salvador
PACERPacific Agreement on Closer Economic Relations
PAFTAPan-Arab Free Trade Area
PalletA platform of standard dimensions on which goods are assembled and secured by nets and strags before being loaded as a unit onto transportation.
PAPDPre-Arrival/Pre-Departure Messaging System - the general term for the supply chain security messages being introduced around the world. EU versions are ICS and ECS
Paragraph 6 SystemsA “waiver” and pending amendment allowing generic medicines to be made under “compulsory licences” exclusively for export to countries that cannot produce the medicines themselves. The system deals with a problem identified in Paragraph 6 of the 2001 Doha Declaration on the TRIPS (intellectual property) Agreement and Public Health by removing a limit in the TRIPS Agreement’s Article 31(f) on the amount nations can export under a compulsory licence to countries needing the medicines.
Parallel importsWhen a product made legally (i.e. not pirated) abroad is imported without the permission of the intellectual property right-holder (e.g. the trademark or patent owner). Some countries allow this, others do not.
Paris ConventionTreaty, administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), for the protection of industrial intellectual property, i.e. patents, utility models, industrial designs, etc.
PARNPre-Authenicated Release Note (EU NCTS)
PCPartial Cumulation (Rules of preference origin)
PCAPost Clearance Amendments
PCCProcessing under Customs Control - an EU Customs regime merged with IP under from 1st May 2016 under UCC changes
PCFCPolitical Contributions, Fees and Commissions (ITAR)
PEEPrior Export Equivalents (under EU Inward Processing)
PEMPan-Euro-Med Regional Convention
PGAPartner Government Agencies
PICPartners in Compliance - part of the Canadan PIP security accredition scheme
PICTAPacific Island Countries Trade Agreement
PIPPartners in Protection - Canada's AEO scheme accrediting safe and secure international traders. Also see AMPS, CSA, FAST and PIC
PISContribution to Social Integration Programs (Customs duty)
PLUK specific strategic goods category within the Military List.  Indicates Paramilitary Use/ Design
PMPolitical Military (USA ITAR)
PNRPassenger Name Record (see also API)
PNTRPermanent Normal Trade Relations (see also NTR)
POAPower of Attorney
POD (1)Paid on Delivery (payment term)
POD (2)Proof of Delivery
POD (3)Period of Disposal - used with regard to Inward Processing Relief to establish the length of time a company may keep an item in the EU without having to account for customs duty
POICOverseas Private Investment Corporation
POP ConventionStockholm Convention on Persistent Organic 
Post EntryGoods entered to customs after they ahve been exported or imported. Also refers to an amendment being made to an existing customs entry
POUSProof of Union Status (EU-UCC) see also T2F and T2L
PPIPrincipal Party in Interest (USA)
PPPPurchasing Power Parity
PRAPaperwork Reduction Act (USA)
Pre-EntryRelates to the requirement that goods must be declared to customs prior to export
PRODYAverage Productivity/ Incomer of countries exporting (see also EXPY)
PROFACCustoms Facilitation Programme for Reliable Trade - equivalent AEO programme in Costa Rica
PRTRPollutant Release and Transfer Registry 
PSAPost Shipment Advices - CHIEF pre-notification required in certain instances under the UK electronic export declaration procedure (NES). Not to be confused with pre-departure messaging
PSCGPrivate Sector Consultative Group (WCO)
PSIPre-Shipment Inspection
PSMProfit Split Method - an international customs valuation term
PSRProduct Specific Rule (a qualification List Rule under FTA/PTA)
PTAPreferential Trade Agreement/ Arrangements (Agreements)
PTCPermanent Technical Committee (WCO) 
PTSPermission to Ship (CITEX approval for SIEL to EU countries)
QIZQualified Industrial ZoneS - similar to free trade zones
QMVQualified Majority Voting
QRsQuantitative restrictions — specific limits on the quantity or value of goods that can be imported (or exported) during a specific time period.
QuadCanada, EU, Japan and the United States.
QuotaQuantity limit (ceiling) levied on the import of certain goods; often controlled by import licence
RA (1)Risk Analysis - part of the audit requirements for being granted AEO or similar supply chain security accreditation
RA (2)Risk Assessment - another name for the part of the audit requirements for being granted AEO or similar supply chain security accreditation
RARRisk Assessment Report
RatingObtaining a formal statement from the ECO/BUS to say if your goods/technology is subject to export licensing controls. Obtain via SPIRE
RCARevealed Comparative Advantage
REACHEuropean Union regulation concerning the  R egistration,  E valuation,  A uthorisation & restriction of  CH emicals.
REFITRegulatory Fitness and Performance
REIORegional Economic Integration organisation (clause)
REV RECRevenue Recognition
REX (1)Rate of Exchange
REX (2)Registered Export System - authorisation to make invoice declarations to replace GSP Forms
RFQRequest for Quotation
RFSRoad Feeder Service
RGFReal Good Friends - 16 countries, the United States, countries from the European Union, Japan, Canada, Norway, Switzerland, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, South Korea, Taipei, Pakistan, Mexico, Colombia, and Chile, call themselves the real good friends (RGF) of liberalisation of trade in services.
RGRReturned Goods Relief (EU Customs procedures)
RIDRegulations Concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
RILORegional Intelligence Liaison Office (WCO)
RKCRevised Kyoto Convention (on TF)
RMAReturned Material Authorisation
RMFRisk Management Framework - world-wide security checking requirements
RoHSRestriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment
ROORules of Origin
ROURecord of Understanding
RoWRest of the World
ROYRate of Yield - used to calculate the use of goods under customs regimes such as IPR or OPR
RPAReciprocal Preference Agreement
RPARural Payments Agency: an Executive Agency of Defra and provides services such as rural payments, rural inspections and livestock tracing.
RPLReplacement (USA EAR license exception)
RPMResale Price Method - an international customs valuation term
RPSRestricted Party Screening
RSRegional Stability concerns (see USA CCC (4))
RTAReciprocal Trade Agreement
RTARegional Trade Agreement
RTA-ISRegional Trade Agreement Information System
RummageThe act of searching a vessel or aircraft thoroughly, it includes moving around turning over or looking through contents
RVCRegional Value Content - qualifying criteria type under preference agreements
RWAReturn Without Action
S&SSafety and Security
SASelf-Assessment (AEO)
SAAEU bilateral Stabilisation and Association Agreements (SAAs) in place
SAARCSouth Asian Association for Regional Corporation - comprised of Bangladesh, Bhuttan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
SACUSouth African Customs Union
SADSingle Administrative Document - EU-wide customs document introduced in 1988. See also C88/NES
SADCSouth African Development Community
SADHSAD Harmonisation. A rationalising and standardisation procedure to ensure all EU countries use and complete the SAD Form in the same way. Completed 2008
SAFE (1)State Administration of Foreign Exchange (China)
SAFE (2)Safe and Fast Environment - principle of supply chain security
SAFE FrameworkWCO Standard to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade - from this the concept of AEO and secure supply chain is being adopted around the world
SAFE Ports ActSecurity and Accountability for Every (SAFE) Port. USA introduced this Act in 2006 as part of their security initiative, it includes the requirement that every container is scanned before it leaves the export country if destined for the USA.
SALWsmall arms and light weapons
SAOCCustoms System of Reliable Operators - Argentina scheme similar to AEO
SAOCCustoms System of Reliable Operators - the system of supply chain accredition used in Argentina
SAPNot the accounting programme ... Single Electronic Access Point, a scheme by which HMRC and other government bodies (DEFRA, RPA, ECJU) can make information available to trade via a single access point
SAQSelf Assessment Questionnaire - used when applying for AEO status
SARSpecial Administrative Region
SASPSingle Authorisation for Simplified Procedures
SBCStandard Beneficiary Countries = main GSP Beneficiary countries under EU-GSP agreement
SCFSupply Chain Finance
Schedule BThe shorter, concise list of commodity codes used on export declaration from the USA – only first 4-digits correspond to HS codes
SCLSpecial Comprehensive License (USA EAR)
SCMSubsidies and Countervailing Measure Agreement (WTO)
SCOSpecial Compliance Officer (USA ITAR)
SCOMETSpecial Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment & Technology list - (India - dual-use controls)
SCRSpecific Commodity Rates
SCSSSupply Chain Security Specialists
SDSupplementary Declaration - official name of the Intrastat report stating the physical movement of goods
SDBASimplified Discharge by Anticipation - under EU IP duty relief scheme discharge to EnU
SDESupplementary Declaration - Export. Only needed if a simplified export declaration is made when goods are physically exported. A SDE gives full information
SDGTSpecially Designated Global Terrorist (on the USA Denied Party Lists)
SDISupplementary Declaration - official name of the Intrastat report stating the physical movement of goods
SDNSpecially Designated National (USA OFAC)
SDNSpecially Designated Nationals
SDNTKSpecially Designated Narcotics Trafficking Kingpin
SDPSimplified Declaration Procedure
SDPASimplified Discharge Procedure Aircraft - applies to a discharge procedure under IP
SDSSafety Data Sheets
SDTSpecial and Differential Treatment – special measures for developing countries within WTO agreements
SDWSupplementary Declaration Warehouse
SEASingle European Authorisation. Customs scheme approving traders to use Customs regimes in more than one member state of the EU. Not many companies approved. See SASP
SECSecurities and Exchange Commission (USA)
SEDShipper's Export Declaration - the USA export customs form
SEEDSystem for the Exchagne of Excise Data
SES (1)Standard Exchange System - used in IPR and OPR when items are repaired by replacement
SES (2)Secure Export Scheme - the AEO type security accreditation in New Zealand
SEZSpecial Economic Zone
SFDSimplified Frontier Declaration (part of CFSP)
SFOSerious Fraud Office
ShipperThe company who originates the requirement to move goods
Short Shippedcargo landed that is less than the quantity which has been invoiced, valued or declared
SiA (1)Simplified Authorisations - applying to use customs authorisation, eg IP, OPR at the time of import/export.  Term being replaced by ABD under UCC 2016
SIA (2)Sustainability Impact Assessment
SIDSSmall Island Developing States
SIELStandard Individual Export Licence (UK ECJU) - related to controlled goods
SISSchengen Information System
SIS IISchengen Information System updated system went live in April 2013
SITCStandard International Trade Classification
SITCLStandard Individual Trade Control Licence
SITPROSimplification of International Trade Procedures Board - worked on standardising international documents world-wide. Closed in the UK July 2010
SIVASimplified Import VAT Accounting - works alongside the Deferment Account (see above). If an importer is SIVA approved then the supporting deferment bank guarantee just has to cover 2 months worth of duty spend - not duty and VAT.
SLAService Level Agreement
SLIShipper's Letter of Instruction
SMCService Management Centre (formerly EDCS)
SME (1)Small & Medium Sized Enterprise
SME (2)Significant Military Equipment (USA ITAR)
SNAP-RSimplified Network Application Process – Revised (EAR)
SOACCustoms System of Reliable Operators - similar to AEO in Argentina
SOEsState Owned Enterprises
SOLASInternational Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea
SOWStatement of work
SP1UK Application form for End-Use (EnU) under UCC 
SP2UK Application form for Cusoms Warehousing (CW) under UCC 
SP3UK Application form for Inward Processing (IP) under UCC 
SP4UK Application form for Outward Processing Relief (OPR) under UCC 
SP5UK Application form for Temporary Admission (TA) under UCC 
SP (1)Specific Process (a qualification List Rule under FTA/PTA)
SP (2)Special Provision (Preference origin qualifying rules)
SP (3)Substantial Process (non-preference origin rule)
SP (4)Special Procedures - part of the UCC covering customs procedures.  There are 4 main types: Transit - Processing - Specific Use - Storage
SPARTECASouth Pacific Regional Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement.  Comprises Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, New Zealand, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu. 
SPIREShared Primary Information Resource Environment - the UK ECJU electronic export licensing system. Completed September 2007
SPOFFSupervising office of customs
SpokeThe route used to service smaller distribution centres or customers from a central "Hub" distribution centre
SPSThe Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
SSShort Supply (EAR reason for control)
SSDSecurity and Safety Document
SSGSpecial Safeguards
SSNStandard Shipping Note - not used very often now, it is a freight delivery note required at some ports or terminals for sea freight shipments. Being replaced by computerised shipments
SSTLSafe & Secure Trade Lanes
STABureau of Industry and Security (BIS) License Exception Strategic Trade Authorization in EAR.
STAStrategic Trade Authorisation – USA EAR License Exception
STDStamp Duty
STELASystem for Tracking Export License Applications (EAR)
STPSecure Trade Partnership - the AEO type security accreditation in Singapore
StrippingA term often used to denote the process for removing cargo from a container.
StuffingDenotes the process of loading cargo into a container.
STXSales Tax
SUStockist Undertaking - new export licence undertaking required by UK ECO when shipping to Stockists overseas (from 31st July 2012)
SWGSAFE Working Group
SWLSafe Working Load
T1EU Customs status of goods which is used to decide if they have to be presented to customs authorities when moving to another member state. Transit Status 1 indicates that the goods are not in free circulation (non-Union Goods - nUG) and therefore do have to be moved with customs forms. (see NCTS/ETS and "free circulation goods")
T2EU Customs status of goods which is used to decide if they have to be presented to customs authorities when moving to another member state. Transit Status 2 indicates that the goods ARE in free circulation (Union Goods - UG) and can be shipped around the EU without customs forms. (see Intrastat and "free circulation goods")
T2FDocument raised by proof that the goods are in free circulation is needed, eg when moving goods to a Special Territory of the EU (see POUS for UCC term)
T2LDocument raised by proof that the goods are in free circulation is needed, eg when moving goods being shipped with mixed origin cargo, eg loaded in Greece on a ship that arrived from North Africa (see POUS for UCC term)
TATemporary Admission - a customs procedure allowing the temporary import of goods under certain conditions and customs controls
TAATechnical Assistant Agreement (USA - ITAR)
TACTThe Air Cargo Tariff
TADTransit Accompanying Document
TareActual weight of the packaging/ container without goods. Commonly seen on the back of vehicles ie unloaded weight
TARICThe EU's system of identifying and controlling goods for customs control purposes by the use of commodity code number. TARIC stands for Tarif Integre des Communautes Europeanes
TariffA document setting forth applicable rules, rates, charges, regulations - used by freight companies and customs authorities
Tariff NumberAlso known as a commodity code. A series of numbers describing the type of goods for customs purposes. Based on the Harmonised System
tarifficationProcedures relating to the agricultural market-access provision in which all non-tariff measures are converted into tariffs.
TAXUDDirectorate General for Taxation and Customs Union
TBTAgreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
TCCV    Technical Committee on Customs Valuation
TCMP Trade Compliance Measurement Program (US Customs)
TCPTechnology Control Plan (USA - ITAR)
TCROTechnical Committee on Rules of Origin (WCO)
TCSTariff Classification Service (UK)
TDTechnical Data
TDCATrade, Development and Cooperation Agreement
TECTransatlantic Economic Council
TESCMTax-Effective Supply Chain Management
TFTrade Facilitation (WTO/WCO)
TFATrade Facilitation Action Plan
TFETrader Front End (CHIEF UK)
TFETrader Front End - method of declarations under ICS
TFEUTreaty on the Functioning of the European Union 2009 
TGPOECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines (TPG) for Tax Administration
TGSTax on the Circulation of Goods and Services (Customs duty)
THTariff Heading (term used in preference agreements = 1st 4-digits of HS Code)
THTariff Headings
THCTerminal Handling Charges
The "Schedule"Another name for the section of the tariff listing commodity code numbers
TIBTemporary Import Bond
TICTaxation Information and Communication: provides EU Member State information on invoicing rules, VAT refunds and the standard VAT rate
TIECTax Information Exchange Method
TIFATaiwan-US Trade and Investment Framework Agreement
TIFATrade and Investment Framework Agreement
TIGTax on Industrialised Goods
TIINTax Information and Impact Note
TINTINs (Tax Identification Numbers) are used by EU countries to identify taxpayers
TINTrader Identification Number
TIRTransport Internationale Routes - road transport under customs control; sealed on departure to be opened only at destination
TIR-EPDTransports Internationaux Routiers, Electronic Pre-Declaration
TISTechnical Interface Specification
TiSATrade in Services Agreement – being negotiated between the EU and China
TLTariff Line
TLAThree Letter Acronym - especially for those people fed up with them!
TMTariff Measures
TMPTemporary (USA EAR license exception)
TNMMTransactional Net Margin Method - an international customs valuation term
TOROTransfer of the rights and obligations – used within the EU for transferring responsibilities of a customs regime to another trader
TPTransfer Pricing - an international customs valuation term
TPATransfer Price Agreement
TPPTrans-Pacific Partnership - also known as the Trans-Pacific Stretegic Economic Partnership Agreement. A USA mulitateral free trade agreement. The parties involved are, besides Australia, Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, Singapore, Peru, the United States and Vietnam (since March 2010) as well as Malaysia (since October 2010).
TPRMTrade Policy Review Mechanism
TRRussian Technical Regulations
TRTechnical Regulations
TRACESTrade Control and Export System (EU).
TRAINSUnited Nations Conference on Trade and Development's Trade Analysis and Information System
TRCTelecommunications Regulatory Commission
TRIADInternational trade term describing the 3 big trading markets of EU, USA and Japan
TRIMSTrade Related Investment Measures
TRIPSTrade Related Intellectual Property Rights
TRIPSTrade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights
TRQTariff Rate Quota (see also TQ)
TRSTime Release Study (WCO Tool)
TSTemporary Storage
TSADTransit Security Accompanying Document
TSPATechnology and Software Publicly Available
TSRTechnology and Software Restricted (EAR license exception)
TSUTechnology and Software Unrestricted (EAR license exception)
TSUTrade Statistics unit of HMRC
TTCPTechnology Transfer Control Plan (USA - ITAR)
TTIPTransatlantic Trade & Investment Partnership - USA/EU FTA
TTIPTransatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership – Trade Agreement under negotiation between EU and the USA
TURNTrader's Unique Reference Number - used in the UK to identify exporters and importers for customs purposes. Replaced in July 2009 by the EORI an EU wide registration system
TVATaxe a la valeur ajoutee (French VAT)
TWEATrading with the Enemy Act (USA)
UAC- OEACertified Customs User -the Peru equivalent of AEO
UCAVUnmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle
UCCUnion Customs Code - the newly issued amendment to the EU Customs Code published (recast) in March 2012 comes into force in EU 1 May 2016. Formerly known as the Modernised Customs Code
UCP600Current version of the Uniform Customs and Practice guide for Documentary Letters of Credit. Replaced UCP500 in July 2007
UCRUnique Consignment Reference
UDHRUniversal Declaration of Human Rights
UEMOAAfrican Economic and Monetary Union
UFHUsual Forms of Handling - used in conjunction with customs regimes such as IPR
UGUnion Goods - term introduced with the UCC. (see also T2)
UGEAUnion General Export Authorisations - introduced into the EU in 2011 as open general export approvals covering the shipment of dual-use goods and technology. Replaced the CGEA
UKBFUK Border Force
UKEFUK Export Finance organisation - replaced ECGD
UKTIUK Trade & Investment - formerly a division of BIS aimed at promoting international trade, now merged within DIT
ULDUnit Load Device
UMAArab Maghreb Union (Union du Maghreb Arabe, UMA)
UNUnited Nations
UN-LOCODEUnited Nations Code for Trade and Transport Locations
UN/ CEFACTUnited Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business
UNCTADUnited National Conference for Trade and Development
UNDGUnited Nations Dangerous Goods List
UNDPUnited Nations Development Programme
UNECEUnited National Economic Committee for Europe
UNFCCUN Framework Convention on Climate Change
Unit LoadA number of pieces of freight or cargo in a single box, container or pallet suitable for transporting as a single unit. Could also be a single large item packaged for transporting, stacking or storage.
UNODCUnited Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
UNSPSCUnited Nations Standard Products and Services Code
UNTDEDUN Trade Data Elements Directory
UoEUnit of Expertise
UPOVInternational Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (Union internationale pour la protection des obtentions végétales)
UPSUniversal Product Code
URAAUruguay Round Agreements Act
URC522Uniform Rules for Collections under bills of exchange
USBPUSA Border Patrol
USCIBUnited States Council for International Business
USGUnited StatesGovernment
USITCUS International Trade Commission administers the import commodity codes
USMLUnited States Munitions List (ITAR)
USPLUnited States Person Libya (USA EAR license exception)
USPPIUnited States Principal Party in Interest (USA FTR)
USTRUSTtrade Representative
UVUnit Value
VAValue Added (a qualification List Rule under FTA/PTA)
VATValue Added Tax
VATEVAT exemption (new CDS code)
VATZVAT zero-rated (new CDS code)
VDVoluntary Disclosure
VERVoluntary Export Restraint
VEUValidated End User (USA EAR)
VFCCValue for Currency Conversion
VGDCVietnam General Department of Customs
VIESVAT Information Exchange System (EU system for checking VAT Numbers)
VMValuation Method
VMUOValue of Materials of Undetermined Origin
VNMValue of Non-Originating Material
Volumetric WeightFreight calculated and charged on the size of the shipment when the actual weight does not adequately reflect the space the shipment requires.
VOMValue of Originating Material
VRAVoluntary Restraint Agreement
w/mweight or measure
WAWassenaar Arrangement
Waasenaar ArrangementArrangement between countries to set the level of technology controlled under the dual-use regulations
WAHIDWorld Animal Health Information Database
WAMLWassenaar Arrangement Munitions List
WB (1)World Bank
WB (2)Weight Breaks = weights at which discounted rates will apply to a shipment so that heavier or larger shipments are charged at a lower rate per kg (lb is USA)
WBGCWest Bank and Gaza Strip
WCFWorld Chambers Federation
WCOWorld Customs Organisation
WEFWorld Economic Forum
WFOEsWholly Foreign Owned Enterprises
WHOWorld Health Organisation
WIPWork in Progress
WIPOWorld Intellectual Property Organisation
WITAWashington International Trade Association
WMDWeapons of Mass Destruction
WMEWorld’s Most Ethical companies
WMSWarehouse Management System
WOWholly Originating or Wholly Obtained (Rule of Origin)
WO (1)Wholly Obtained - qualifying criteria type under preference agreements: also used to establish non-preference origin
WO (2)Wholly Originating (non-preference origin rule)
World BankInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development – also known as IBRD
WPWholly Produced (Rule of Origin)
WPMWood Packaging Material
WT (1)Weight
WT (2)Weighted TeraFLOPS (dual-use measure of computer performance)
WTAWorld Trade Agenda
WTOWorld Trade Organisation
XPHigh Performance Computer (USA EAR reason for control)
XPSExpress Parcel Service
XTNExternal Transaction Number (USA FTR)
YAFYoung Arbitrators Forum (ICC)
YARYork Antwerp Rules 2004 - current rules cover General Average claims
YEYear End
Zero-ratedThe right to issue invoices without charging VAT - applicable to shipments exported from the EU
ZEUSZoll Einreihung Unterstützung System (A German national system for issuing various certificates related to customs procedures, including Binding Tariff Information decisions)
ZPLAZolltechnische Prüfungs- und Lehranstalt (Customs Technical Testing and Education Institute)